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Pomeranian Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Pomeranian so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Companion Dogs
Popularity Rank22
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Pomeranian dog profile picture
OriginGermany flagGermany Poland flagPoland
Other Names
What other names does the Pomeranian have?
Deutsche SpitzePom PomSpitz EnanoSpitz NainZwergspitzZwersPom
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred The Pomeranian is considered a purebred dog breed, but many mixes and hybrids have been created from this breed. We have compiled a list of Pomeranian Mixes.

Pomeranian Size and Weight

Is a Pomeranian small, medium or large dog?

How big do Pomeranian get?

What is the average size of a Pomeranian?

How much does the Pomeranian weigh? How much should a Pomeranian weight? What is the normal weight of a Pomeranian? How much does a full-grown Pomeranian weight?
3-7 pounds (1-3 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of a Pomeranian?
5 pounds (2 kg)
How tall is the Pomeranian? Pomeranian height:
7-12 inches (18-30 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of a Pomeranian?
9.5 inches (24 cm)

Pomeranian Price and Availability

How much does the Pomeranian puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of a Pomeranian in the United States? How much money is a Pomeranian?

Where to buy a Pomeranian with a good pedigree?

If you choose to purchase the Pomeranian, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Pomeranian for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Pomeranian gets to a happy place.
How easy is it to get a Pomeranian? How many Pomeranian are there in the world?
Very frequent: The Pomeranian is quite easy to get. There is a risk of overbreeding, as it is an extremely popular breed.

Inbreeding is common because of its popularity. A new study suggests that inbreeding contributes to the incidence of disease and health problems.

So be careful, buy from a trustworthy place or kennel and seek the help of an experienced person, a professional, to make the right decision.

Pomeranian Trainability and Intelligence

Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Pomeranian? Is the Pomeranian breed dumb or smart?
Very smart: Pomeranian is an excellent dog breed. You can teach them many tricks and commands. The limit is your creativity. They understand and memorize new commands in 5-15 repetitions. This breed obeys the first command 85% of the time or better.

The Pomeranian is one of the top breeds in the dog intelligence ranking.

Are Pomeranian dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training? How hard is it to train a Pomeranian?
Pomeranian dogs are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
Watchdog Ability
Is Pomeranian good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Pomeranian dogs are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but observation isn't considered their main job.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Pomeranian dogs have aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Pomeranian dogs strongly protect their territory. This breed is a complete security guard, so you don't have to be afraid in case of danger.

Pomeranian Personality and Temperament

What kind of personality does the Pomeranian have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Pomeranian sensitivity:
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds. Soft punishment affects them emotionally. Pomeranian dogs don't tolerate irregular daily routines, noisy households, and frequent guest visits really well.

They are receptive to their owner's emotions and make wonderful family companions.

Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Is a Pomeranian a good family dog?
High: Pomeranian dogs are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving, and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and are considered great therapy dogs for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Deutsche Spitze need? Pomeranian social needs:
Pomeranian dogs need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Pomeranian to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Pomeranian roam?
Pomeranian dogs are not the biggest explorers. They have low wanderlust potential. Low chance of escaping from home with this breed.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Pomeranian have high prey drive?
Pomeranian dogs have low to an average impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals.

Pomeranian Activity and Playfulness

How playful is this breed?
Average: Pomeranians, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark in excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Do Pomeranian dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Deutsche Spitze bark?
Average to High: The Pomeranian is a vocal breed. Not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often bark loudly and howl sometimes. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and the same barks could have different meanings.

Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.

Apartment Friendly
Is Pomeranian good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat? Can you have a Pomeranian in an apartment?
Very house-friendly dog the Pomeranian breed. It's good if you have a small garden where he can go out and do his business, but it's not important at all. You can get enough exercise with one or two walks a day, so keeping them indoors shouldn't be a problem.

Pomeranian Adaptability and Independence

Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Pomeranian dogs adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
How long can a Pomeranian be left alone? How long can you leave a Pomeranian alone?
Pomeranian dogs tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.

Pomeranian Bite Characteristics

Bite Force PSI
Does the Pomeranian has a hard bite? What is the bite force of a Pomeranian? How much bite force does a Pomeranian have? How strong is a Pomeranian bite?

Between 100 and 200 PSI 🔽

Pomeranian bite force: Weak. The Pomeranian bite force is considered weak when compared to other dog breeds. The bite force Pomeranian measurements usually fall below 200 PSI, making them one of the breeds with the weakest bite force. The bite force of a Pomeranian may be weak, but it's important to remember that any dog's bite can still be dangerous if not managed properly. Despite the bite force of Pomeranian being lower, it does not make them any less lovable or enjoyable as pets.

Pomeranian bite wounds might not be as severe, but it is still essential to be cautious and prevent any biting incidents.

They are usually not aggressive and very friendly towards children and other animals. To ensure a well-behaved dog, it's essential to learn how to train a Pomeranian puppy not to bite from an early age. With proper training and socialization, a Pomeranian can be a wonderful addition to any family, providing love and companionship for years to come.

Biting Potential
Do Pomeranian bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Deutsche Spitze? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Pomeranian? Why do dog bites happen?

Low 🔽

The Pomeranian has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Pomeranian do?
Pomeranian dogs have a lower than average tendency to nip, chew, playbite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Pomeranian dogs need to be taught a good attitude.

Pomeranian Health and Lifespan

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Pomeranian dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
The Pomeranian is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Pomeranian breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Pomeranian breed? Most common health risks of Pomeranian:
CataractsCollapsed Trachea Hip Dysplasia Legg-perthes DiseasePatellar LuxationPatent Ductus ArteriosisAllergiesHypothyroidismEpilepsySeizuresDry EyeHeatstrokeHeat Intolerance
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Pomeranian breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Pomeranian see the vet?
The Pomeranian should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Pomeranian dogs live? How old can a Pomeranian be? What is the age limit of the Pomeranian? How many years can the oldest Pomeranian live?

What is the average life expectancy / lifespan of a Pomeranian?

How long is the lifespan of a Pomeranian?

12-16 years
The average lifespan of Pomeranian: 14 years
Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Pomeranian can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.

Pomeranian Energy and Activity

Energy Level
How much energy does the Pomeranian have? What is the activity level of the Pomeranian?
Pomeranian dogs have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much exercise does a Pomeranian need? How much exercise do Pomeranian dogs require per day?

Do Pomeranian dogs need a lot of exercises?

Pomeranian dogs exercise need is minimal. If you live a slow life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does the Pomeranian breed need?
Pomeranian dogs sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered a lazy breed.

Pomeranian Diet and Weight Management

Average daily food consumption
How much food does a Pomeranian need? What dog products should I buy? How much food does a Pomeranian breed eat per day? What is good dog food for Pomeranian? How much food should I feed my Pomeranian?
Recommended daily amount: 1/4 to 1/2 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Pomeranian risk for obesity:
Average to High: If you don't pay attention to the Pomeranian's weight, he can easily gain weight. More than one daily walk should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding.

If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Pomeranian weight regularly.

Pomeranian Allergies and Grooming

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Pomeranian have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color are proper Pomeranian coats?
BlackGrayTan Red Blue White BrownOrange
How to groom the Pomeranian and how often? How often should I take my Pomeranian to the groomer?
Average: The Pomeranian requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential.

Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections.

Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes.

Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath.

If you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of your Pomeranian, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment.

Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk-in dog bath places nearby.

Shedding Level
How much do Pomeranian dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Deutsche Spitze? Do Pomeranian dogs shed a lot?
Pomeranian dogs shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Pomeranian need a bath? How often should you give a Pomeranian a bath? Can I bathe my Pomeranian every day?
3-4 weeks
More often than average. These dog coats tend to be longer, softer, and oilier than short-haired breeds. While a good bath every now and then is a great way to keep your buddy from becoming overly smelly, be mindful about overbathing.

Bathing will wash away your dog’s natural oils, while a simple brushing every few days should keep them clean.

Is the Pomeranian breed hypoallergenic?
Pomeranian dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reactions. Some dog breeds are even considered to higher possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?


The Pomeranian has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Pomeranian drool?
The Pomeranian is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Pomeranian could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the Pomeranian.

If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Pomeranian Good With

Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Pomeranian dogs get along with other pets? Are Pomeranian dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Pomeranian dogs are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Pomeranian temperament with other people:
Pomeranian dogs are not the most stranger-friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Are Pomeranian dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Pomeranian temperament with children:
Pomeranian dogs are not the most kid-friendly dogs. If you have children, you may have to reconsider your choice of having a puppy from this breed.
Cat Friendly
How well do Pomeranian dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats? Can the Pomeranian breed live with a cat?
Pomeranian dogs are very cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Pomeranian good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Pomeranian dogs get along with other dogs?
Pomeranian dogs are average friendly towards other dogs.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Pomeranian breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners? Is Pomeranian breed suitable for first-time owners?
Pomeranian dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are Pomeranian dogs good office canines? Do Pomeranian dogs make good office-friendly pets? Can they be office dogs?
Pomeranian is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Pomeranian dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Deutsche Spitze temperament with senior people? Are Pomeranian dogs good for elderly owners?
Pomeranians are not the best breed for elderly people.

Pomeranian As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Pomeranian be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?


This breed makes good as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act).

Pomeranian breed is a good choice for service purposes.

Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Pomeranian be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Pomeranian be an emotional support animal?


This breed makes a perfect therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and people with anxiety disorders or autism.

Pomeranian breed is a good choice for therapeutic purposes.

Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Pomeranian be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.

Pomeranian is not the best breed for detection purposes.

Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Pomeranian be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people.

The Pomeranian is not the best breed for SAR purposes.

Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Pomeranian be a boat dog?

Not really

Pomeranian breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Pomeranian be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination.

Pomeranian is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Pomeranian dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Pomeranian Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long is a Pomeranian pregnant?How long does it take to have puppies? How to tell if the Pomeranian breed is pregnant?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Pomeranian: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days.

During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge.

The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days.

The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color.

The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating.

The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.

Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Pomeranian have in a litter? How many puppies can the Pomeranian breed have for the first time? How many puppies does a Pomeranian have? How many puppies can a Pomeranian give birth to?
2-5 puppies

Pomeranian Recognition

AKC Group
Is Pomeranian recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1888 as a Toy breed.
FCI Group
Is Pomeranian recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Spitz and primitive types group, in the European Spitz section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Pomeranian breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryCanadian Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Kennel Club of Great BritainNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Australian National Kennel CouncilContinental Kennel ClubNational Kennel ClubNew Zealand Kennel ClubUnited Kennel ClubCanadian Canine Registry

Pomeranian Pros and Cons

  • Intelligent Rank: Very smart: Pomeranian is an excellent dog breed.
  • Trainability: Pomeranian dogs are easy to train.
  • Apartment Friendly: Very house-friendly dog the Pomeranian breed.
  • Drooling Tendency: The Pomeranian is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
  • Mouthiness: Pomeranian dogs have a lower than average tendency to nip, chew, playbite, or herd people.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Pomeranian dogs are not the biggest explorers.
  • Adaptability: Pomeranian dogs adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Cat Friendly: Pomeranian dogs are very cat-friendly dogs.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Pomeranian dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
  • Service Dog: This breed makes good as a service dog.
  • Therapy Dog: This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
  • Hypoallergenic: Pomeranian dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reactions.
  • Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity: Average to High: If you don't pay attention to the Pomeranian's weight, he can easily gain weight.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Pomeranian dogs tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
  • Child Friendly: Pomeranian dogs are not the most kid-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Pomeranian is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Pomeranians are not the best breed for elderly people.

Pomeranian History

The Pomeranian is an iconic breed that is known for its fluffy fur and cute teddy bear face that has stolen hearts all across the globe. This breed was developed in the province of Pomerania from the ancient Spitz breeds and obviously got its name after the historical region which was in the far north on the border of the countries we know today as Poland and Germany. The region was near the Baltic sea and the name derived from the old Slavic expression “po more” which means “near the sea”. However today’s Pomerania is very different from the dogs that the people in Pomeranian used and even the name ‘Pomeranian’ was not yet given to the at the time, but they were known only as German Spitz. Furthermore, Pomeranians are believed to originally have been working Arctic dogs. The old type was a lot bigger in the early days and as they had a thick double coat they were able to work in the harsh Arctic conditions. They were mostly used for sled and load-carrying. Another main job of these bigger dogs was herding sheep which can be recognized in the character of the modern breed as well. Some people also claim that they have a genetic heritage linking them to working dogs from Iceland and Lapland as well as Alaskan Malamute and Samoyed, which may be true because of the way their tail is curled over their back. Although there is evidence that these dogs were living and working across Europe as there was Pomeranian type of dogs in all sorts of different countries such as Italy, Belgium, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden. Their name was finally given to them sometime in the 18th century when they started breeding them in Pomerania to the modern, small size we know today. We are not 100 percent sure of the exact date but one of the earliest records researchers have found was from 2nd of November 1764 in the diary of a writer named James Boswells, who wrote that “The Frenchman had a Pomeranian dog named Pomer whom he was mighty fond of”. This was the first sentence mentioning Pomeranians ever.

Moreover, even in the early days of the breed, these dogs were very popular. As their popularity grew even further, notable people were said to have Pomeranians including the theologian Martin Luther, the artist Michelangelo, whose dog sat on a satin pillow and watched him paint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, the physicist Isaac Newton and even the composer Mozart, whose Pom was named Pimperl and to whom he dedicated an aria. We can say that the influence of the royalty also had a hand in forming the Pomeranian as it is today. Queen Victoria owned a particularly small Pomeranian and choose to breed that trait into the next generation. She started importing smaller dogs from across Europe in a variety of colors. Also, other royals, such as the wife of Napoleon I and King George IV owned Pomeranians. However, the Queen’s love towards the smaller Pomeranians inspired so many English dog fanciers to begin breeding even smaller Poms. From the late 1880s, Pomeranians often had the largest number of entries at Crufts dog shows with the breed standard being stabilized.

In addition, their popularity spread across the Atlantic and this breed were even one of the three dogs that survived the Titanic. Furthermore, in 1888 a Pom named Dick was the first one that entered into the American Kennel Club studbook. In the early 1900s, the American Pomeranian Club was accepted as a member of the AKC and designated as the Parent Club for the breed and by the mid-century, Poms were one of the most popular dog breeds in America. Overall, today they rank 14th among the 155 breeds and varieties registered by the AKC.

Rate The Pomeranian Breed

Pomeranian Comments, Reviews and Questions


    Nov 10, 2023, 6:30:21 PM:


  • Abigail

    Mar 23, 2022, 10:21:02 PM:

    My friend has one of these.

  • child

    Mar 23, 2022, 10:20:25 PM:

    they are not what it says

  • r

    Sep 29, 2021, 2:53:34 AM:

    very loyal and intelligent. Also very cute

  • z

    Apr 10, 2020, 9:29:17 PM:

    Pomeranians are really cute and loyal to their owners. They are also really friendly dogs. There are some Pomeranians who are lower-quality than others, so be sure to choose a reliable seller.