Border Terrier Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Border Terrier so you can get to know the breed more.

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Origin England flag England Scotland flag Scotland
Other Names
What other names does the Border Terrier have?
Borders
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred

Border Terrier Price and Availability

Price
How much does the Border Terrier puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it?
$1200-$1400
If you choose to purchase the Border Terrier, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Border Terrier for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Border Terrier gets to a happy place.
Availability
How easy is it to get a Border Terrier?
Very frequent: The Border Terrier is quite easy to get. There is a risk of overbreeding, as it is an extremely popular breed.

Inbreeding is common because of its popularity. A new study suggests that inbreeding contributes to the incidence of disease and health problems.

So be careful, buy from a trustworthy place or kennel and seek the help of an experienced person, a professional, to make the right decision.

Border Terrier Size

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog?
Small
Weight
How much does the Border Terrier weigh? Border Terrier weight:
Males 13-16 pounds (6-7 kg), Female: 11-14 pounds (5-6 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of the Border Terrier? Border Terrier average weight:
Males 14.5 pounds (6.5 kg), Female: 12.5 pounds (5.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the Border Terrier? Border Terrier height:
Male: 13-16 inches (33-41 cm), Female: 11-14 inches (28-36 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of this fido? Border Terrier average height:
Male: 14.5 inches (37 cm), Female: 12.5 inches (32 cm)

Border Terrier Grooming, Hair and Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Border Terrier have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
Rough
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Border Terrier's coat?
Blue Tan Red Grizzle Wheaten
Grooming
How to groom the Border Terrier and how often?
Average: The Border Terrier requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential.

Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections.

Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes.

Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath.

If you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of your Border Terrier, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment.

Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk-in dog bath places nearby.

Shedding Level
How much do Border Terrier dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Borders?
Border Terriers shed none to minimal. Having a puppy from this breed you don't have to be afraid of your couch or car being covered by dog hair. Border Terrier dogs could be the best choice if you don't tolerate dog hair.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Border Terrier need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Border Terrier every day?
4-6 weeks
Average. Experts recommended at least every 4-6 weeks for this family pup. According to a study, 56% of pet parents don’t bathe their dogs as frequently as they should, and 60% use the sniff test when deciding when it’s bath time. Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible.

Border Terrier Personality / Temperament

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Border Terrier have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
Affectionate Outright Tempered Intelligent Alert Fearless Obedient
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Border Terrier? Are they intelligent?
Smart: Border Terrier's has great intelligence. They understand and memorize new commands in 15-25 repetitions.
Trainability
Are Border Terrier dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Border Terriers are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
Average: Border Terriers, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark in excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Border Terrier sensitivity:
Border Terriers have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed. Sometimes it's okay to change the daily routine, have guests and listen to loud music. Some dogs handle moderate punishment very well, while others crumble apart at a dirty look. This breed is not affected emotionally by moderate punishment.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Are they affectionate?
High: Border Terriers are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and are considered great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Borders need? Border Terrier social needs:
Border Terriers need for social interaction is average. This breed likes being around people or other animals, but they don't mind being left alone for a few hours either.
Barking
Do Border Terrier dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Borders bark?
Average to High: The Border Terrier is a vocal breed. Not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often bark loudly and howl sometimes. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and the same barks could have a different meanings. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Border Terrier good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Border Terriers are good watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're consistent in their effort. Good vocal cords and a sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're territorial and protective about their property, so the Border Terriers will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Border Terrier dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Border Terriers are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect its territory so the Border Terrier can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Border Terrier will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential
Do Border Terrier bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Borders? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Border Terrier? Why do dog bites happen?

Low 🔽

The Border Terrier has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Border Terrier has a hard bite?

Between 100 and 200 PSI 🔽

Border Terrier bite force: Weak. Dogs that have the weakest bite force below 200 PSI. However, it is important to note that despite the fact that their bite force is considered the “weakest” it can still be very dangerous as all dog bites are. They are usually not aggressive and very friendly towards children and other animals.
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Border Terrier do?
Border Terriers have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Border Terriers need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Border Terrier to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Border Terrier roam?
The wanderlust potential of the Border Terrier is strong enough to escape from home. They have a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Border Terrier have high prey drive?
Border Terriers have a high impulse to chase and catch something. Cats or any other small animals are in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Border Terrier dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Border Terrier good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Very house-friendly dog the Border Terrier breed. It's good if you have a small garden where he can go out and do his business, but it's not important at all. You can get enough exercise with one or two walks a day, so keeping them indoors shouldn't be a problem.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Border Terriers adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner. With proper socialization and quality time with the dog can solve this problem.

Border Terrier Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Border Terrier temperament with other people:
Border Terriers are not the most stranger-friendly dogs.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Border Terrier dogs get along with other pets? Are Border Terrier dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Border Terriers usually don’t get on well with other pets.
Child Friendly
Are Border Terrier dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Border Terrier temperament with children:
Border Terriers are very kid-friendly dogs. This breed enjoys being surrounded by children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Border Terrier dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats?
Border Terriers are not the most cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Border Terrier good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Border Terrier dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Border Terriers are not the most dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Border Terrier is not a good choice.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Border Terrier breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Yes
Border Terriers are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are Border Terriers good office dogs? Do Border Terriers make good office friendly dogs? Can Border Terriers be office dogs?
No
Border Terrier is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Border Terrier dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Borders temperament with senior people? Are Border Terrier dogs good for elderly owners?
Border Terriers are one of the best breeds for elderly people.

Border Terrier Health

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Border Terrier dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
The Border Terrier is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Border Terrier breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Border Terrier breed? Most common health risks of Border Terrier:
Cryptorchidism Heart Murmurs Hip Dysplasia Hypothyroidism Malocclusions Patellar Luxation Pulmonic Stenosis Seizures
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Border Terrier breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Border Terrier see the vet?
Average
The Border Terrier should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Border Terrier dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Border Terrier be? What is the age limit of the Border Terrier? How many years can the oldest Border Terrier live?
11-15 years
The average lifespan of Border Terrier: 13 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Border Terrier breed hypoallergenic?
Yes
Border Terriers do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction. However there are no 100% hypoallergenic dogs in the world, there are a variety of breeds that are considered to reduce or minimize the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Border Terrier have? What is the activity level of the Border Terrier?
Border Terriers have a higher energy level than other dog breeds. If you want a dog for snuggling on the couch, this breed isn't the perfect choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much activity does this dog need? How much exercise do Border Terrier dogs require per day?
Border Terriers have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long one on weekends.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Border Terriers are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend too much time with sleeping. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Average daily food consumption
How much food does the Border Terrier need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
1 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Border Terrier risk for obesity:
High: The Border Terrier breed has a strong tendency to be overweight. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you want to keep balance, increase the amount and frequency of your daily dog walk and play with the Border Terrier more often. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Border Terrier's weight regularly.
Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Border Terrier can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?

Medium

The Border Terrier has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Border Terrier drool?
The Border Terrier is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Border Terrier could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the Border Terrier. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Border Terrier As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Border Terrier be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Border Terrier is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Border Terrier be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Border Terrier be an emotional support animal?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Border Terrier is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Border Terrier be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Border Terrier is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Border Terrier be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people. The Border Terrier is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Border Terrier be a boat dog?

Not really

Border Terrier breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Border Terrier be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Border Terrier is not the best breed for drafting purposes.
Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Border Terrier dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Border Terrier Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Border Terrier: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Border Terrier have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
2-8 puppies

Border Terrier Recognition

AKC Group
Is Border Terrier recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is Border Terrier recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Terriers group, in the Large and medium sized Terriers section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Border Terrier breed?
American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Australian National Kennel Council Canadian Kennel Club Continental Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club North American Purebred Registry, Inc. United Kennel Club American Canine Association, Inc. Border Terrier Club Of America, Inc. Club Espanol De Terriers

Border Terrier Pros and Cons

Pros
  • Intelligent Rank: Smart: Border Terrier's has great intelligence.
  • Trainability: Border Terriers are easy to train.
  • Hypoallergenic: Border Terriers do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction.
  • Apartment Friendly: Very house-friendly dog the Border Terrier breed.
  • Shedding Level: Border Terriers shed none to minimal.
  • Drooling Tendency: The Border Terrier is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
  • Watchdog Ability: Border Terriers are good watchdogs.
  • Adaptability: Border Terriers adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Border Terriers are very kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Border Terriers are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Border Terriers are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Cons
  • Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity: High: The Border Terrier breed has a strong tendency to be overweight.
  • Mouthiness: Border Terriers have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: The wanderlust potential of the Border Terrier is strong enough to escape from home.
  • Cat Friendly: Border Terriers are not the most cat-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Border Terriers are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Border Terrier is not the best dog breed for office environment.

Border Terrier History

Introduction

The Border Terrier is a British breed of small, rough-coated terrier. Admirers of the upbeat and agile Border Terrier cherish their breed’s reputation as a tough, no-frills working terrier.

These friendly dogs are popular in both the city and the countryside. Their wiry coat is easy to maintain and their height ranges from 11 to 16 inches at the shoulder.

They are easy to recognize among other small terriers by their unique head shape known as an ‘otter head’.

Another distinctive feature is that their legs are longer than those of other little terriers. Moreover, Border Terriers are described as ‘hard as nails when working, but at home, they are good-tempered, affectionate, and easily trainable.

They also get along well with other dogs, but when cats or squirrels cross their way, their hunting instincts are piqued.

 

Origins

The Border Terrier was once known as the Coquetdale Terrier or the Redesdale Terrier from the area in which it evolved, but by the late 1800s, it had become widely recognized as the Border Terrier, probably because of its long association with the Border Hunt in Northumberland.

The breed shares its ancestry with that of the Bedlington Terrier and the Dandie Dinmont Terrier from the same area. The Border Terrier is a breed that originated during the 18th century in the rugged and at times desolate, hill territory that may be found on both sides of the English-Scottish border.

‘The Border Country’ is a nickname for this area. Farmers and shepherds in the area established the breed after using terriers to help control the local fox population.

Foxes were and still are in The Border Country, a predatory animal of particular concern to sheep farmers whose flocks wander relatively free over many thousands of hectares of heath and heather-covered land.

In the 19th century, when foxhunting developed into the sport we know today, the breed began to be used as part of the more formal foxhunting scene.

Border Terriers were built to have a long, narrow, flexible body, the better to squeeze through narrow holes and flush foxes out of their hiding places, and they have legs long enough to follow the horses during a foxhunt.

Of course, they had the stamina to spare, a weather-resistant coat, and thick, loose skin that wasn’t easily pierced by the teeth of their foxy adversaries.

However, the Border Terrier should not be too forward in attacking the fox underground, rather he should threaten them and preferably chase them out. The breed should also be able to go to the ground and follow a fox into any space in which it could go.

 

Recognition

Furthermore, while the breed was prized in England’s border country for its fearless and implacable nature, the Border Terrier was little known outside of its home.

Many people have seen the breed at agricultural shows in Northumberland in the late 19th century, but dog fanciers took little notice of him until the early 20th century.

In 1920, he was recognized by England’s United Kennel Club, and a breed club was also formed. Moreover, in 1930, Netherbyers Ricky became the first Border Terrier to be registered in the United States when he was accepted by the American Kennel Club.

For most of his existence, the Border Terrier has been unknown and his people prefer that he stay that way if it means protecting him from the ravages of popularity. Among the 155 breeds and varieties listed within the American Kennel Club, the Border Terrier currently ranks 81st.

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