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Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie" Compare Golden Retriever and German Shepherd. Which is better: Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or Border Collie?
Name Golden Retriever German Shepherd Border Collie
OriginsScotland Germany England Scotland Wales
Group Gun Dog Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs) Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs)
Popularity Rank3238
Reviews314
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Other Names Yellow Retriever, Golden Flat Coat Alsatian, Berger Allemand, Alsatian wolf dog (UK), Deutscher Schäferhund, Schäferhund Scotch Sheep Dog, Sheepdog
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1925 as a Sporting breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1908 as a Herding breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1995 as a Herding breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs group, in the Retrievers section. Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section. Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club German Shepherd Dog Club Of America American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club The American Int. Border Collie Registry The American Border Collie Association
Price $1000-$2000 $800-$2000 $600-$800

General Appearance - Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie

Size Large Large Large
Weight Male: 60-80 pounds (27-36 kg), Female: 55-70 pounds (25-32 kg) Male: 66-88 pounds (30-40 kg), Female: 49-71 pounds (22-32 kg) Male: 30-45 pounds (14-20 kg), Female: 27-42 pounds (12-19 kg)
Avg. Weight Male: 70 pounds (31.5 kg), Female: 62.5 pounds (28.5 kg) Male: 77 pounds (35 kg), Female: 60 pounds (27 kg) Male: 37.5 pounds (17 kg), Female: 34.5 pounds (15.5 kg)
Height Male: 22-24 inches (56-61cm), Female: 20-22 inches (51-56 cm) Male: 24-26 inches (60-65 cm), Female: 22-24 inches (55-60 cm) Male: 19-22 inches (48-56 cm), Female: 18-21 inches (46-53 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 23 inches (58.5 cm), Female: 21 inches (53.5 cm) Male: 25 inches (62.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (57.5 cm) Male: 20.5 inches (52 cm), Female: 19.5 inches (49.5 cm)

Hair & Care - Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie

Coat Silky Wavy Shiny Straight Fuzzy Dense Feathered Straight Short Moderately Long
Colors Golden Light Silver Tan Red Black Black & White Tricolor Tan Blue merle Blue merle-tricolor Slate merle Red merle Black Brindle Gold Lilac Red Sable Sable Merle Saddleback Sable White & Blue White & Blue Merle White & Red White & Red Merle White Ticked Seal Slate White & Gold White & Sable White & Seal
Grooming
Average: The Golden Retriever requires average grooming effort.
Average: The German Shepherd requires average grooming effort.
Average: The Border Collie requires average grooming effort.
Shedding Level
Golden Retrievers shed moderately.
German Shepherds are heavy shedders.
Border Collies shed moderately.

Characteristics - Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie

Temperament Confident Intelligent Reliable Friendly Kind Trustworthy Alert Courageous Intelligent Obedient Confident Curious Loyal Watchful Intelligent Alert Tenacious Protective Energetic Responsive Loyal
Intelligent Rank
Outstanding: Golden Retriever is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Outstanding: German Shepherd is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Outstanding: Border Collie is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Trainability
Golden Retrievers are easy to train.
German Shepherds are easy to train.
Border Collies are easy to train.
Playfulness
The Golden Retriever is a highly playful breed.
German Shepherds, like any other dog breed, like playing.
The Border Collie is a highly playful breed.
Sensitivity Level
Golden Retrievers have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed.
German Shepherds don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Border Collies don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Affection Level
Golden Retrievers are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
German Shepherds are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Border Collies are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Social Needs
Golden Retrievers need a lot of social interaction.
German Shepherds need for social interaction is average.
Border Collies need a lot of social interaction.
Barking
Low to Average: The Golden Retriever rarely barks.
Low to Average: The German Shepherd rarely barks.
Low to Average: The Border Collie rarely barks.
Watchdog Ability
Golden Retrievers are average watchdogs.
German Shepherds are one of the best watchdogs.
Border Collies are one of the best watchdogs.
Territorial
Golden Retrievers are average defenders.
German Shepherds are extremely protective guard dogs.
Border Collies are extremely protective guard dogs.
Biting Potential Moderate
The Golden Retriever has an average chance of biting somebody.
High
The German Shepherd has a high chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Border Collie has a low chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
Golden Retrievers have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
German Shepherds have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Border Collies have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Golden Retrievers tend to escape less than other breeds.
German Shepherds are not the biggest explorers.
Border Collies have average wanderlust potential.
Prey Drive
Golden Retrievers have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
German Shepherds have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Border Collies have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Apartment Friendly
Golden Retrievers are not recommended for an apartment lifestyle.
German Shepherds are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Border Collies are not recommended for an apartment lifestyle.
Adaptability
Golden Retrievers adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
German Shepherds adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Border Collies adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Golden Retrievers tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Border Collies tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With - Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie

Stranger Friendly
Golden Retrievers are very stranger friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are stranger friendly dogs.
Border Collies are average friendly towards strangers.
Child Friendly
Golden Retrievers are very kid-friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are very kid-friendly dogs.
Border Collies are very kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
Golden Retrievers are cat-friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are average friendly towards cats.
Border Collies are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Golden Retrievers are very dog-friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
Border Collies are average friendly towards other dogs.
Office Friendly Yes
Golden Retriever is one of the best dog breeds for office environment
No
German Shepherd is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Border Collie is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Golden Retrievers are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
German Shepherds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Border Collies are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Golden Retrievers are usually friendly towards other pets.
German Shepherds are generally with other pets.
Border Collies are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners Yes
Golden Retrievers are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
No
German Shepherds are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Border Collies are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Yes
Golden Retriever breed usually likes being on a boat.
Not really
German Shepherd breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Border Collie breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie

Health Issues
Golden Retrievers are commonly healthy dogs.
German Shepherds are commonly healthy dogs.
The Border Collie is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems Allergies Bloat Cataracts Elbow Dysplasia Epilepsy Hemangiosarcoma Hip Dysplasia Hypothyroidism Osteochondrosis Dissecans Osteosarcoma Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis Von Willebrand's Disease Allergies Blindness Bloat Cancer Cataracts Cherry Eye Chronic Diarrhea Cruciate Ligament Rupture Cushing's Syndrome Degenerative Myelopathy Demodectic Mange Diabetes Digestive Problems Elbow Dysplasia Epilepsy Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency Heart Disease Hemophilia A Hemophilia B Hip Dysplasia Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy Lens Luxation Lupus Megaesophagus Myasthenia Gravis Nail Bed Disease Osteochondrosis Pannus Panosteitis Paralysis Perianal Fistula Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Retinal Dysplasia Seborrhea Vitiligo Von Willebrand's Disease Wobbler's Syndrome Allergies Collie Eye Anomaly Epilepsy Hip Dysplasia Osteochondrosis Dissecans Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Life Expectancy 10-12 years 10-13 years 12-15 years
Hypoallergenic No No No
Energy Level
Golden Retrievers are high energy dogs.
German Shepherds are high energy dogs.
Border Collies are high energy dogs.
Exercise Need
Golden Retrievers need a lot of exercises.
German Shepherds need quite a lot of exercise.
Border Collies need a lot of exercises.
Sleeping Need
Golden Retrievers don't need too much sleep.
German Shepherds don't need too much sleep.
Border Collies don't need too much sleep.
Avg. daily food consumption 3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 1.5 to 2 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two or three meals.
Weight Gain Potential
High: The Golden Retriever breed has a strong tendency to overweight.
Low to Average.
Average.
Weather & Climate Tolerates warm and cold weather. Tolerates warm and cold weather. Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Border Collie can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness Medium
The Golden Retriever has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The German Shepherd has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Border Collie has an average chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The Golden Retriever drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed.
The German Shepherd is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Border Collie is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.

Reproducibility - Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 5-10 puppies 6-10 puppies 4-8 puppies

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