Scottish Terrier Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Scottish Terrier so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Hunting Dogs
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Scottish Terrier dog profile picture
Origin Scotland flag Scotland
Other Names
What other names does the Scottish Terrier have?
Aberdeenie Scottie
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred

Scottish Terrier Price and Availability

Price
How much does the Scottish Terrier puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it?
$800-$1000
If you choose to purchase the Scottish Terrier, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Scottish Terrier for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Scottish Terrier gets to a happy place.
Availability
How easy is it to get a Scottish Terrier?
Very frequent: The Scottish Terrier is quite easy to get. There is a risk of overbreeding, as it is an extremely popular breed.

Inbreeding is common because of its popularity. A new study suggests that inbreeding contributes to the incidence of disease and health problems.

So be careful, buy from a trustworthy place or kennel and seek the help of an experienced person, a professional, to make the right decision.

Scottish Terrier Size

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog?
Small
Weight
How much does the Scottish Terrier weigh? Scottish Terrier weight:
19-23 pounds (8.5-10.5 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of the Scottish Terrier? Scottish Terrier average weight:
21 pounds (8.5-10.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the Scottish Terrier? Scottish Terrier height:
10-11 inches (25-28 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of this fido? Scottish Terrier average height:
10.5 inches (26.5 cm)

Scottish Terrier Grooming, Hair and Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Scottish Terrier have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
Wiry
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Scottish Terrier's coat?
Brindle Silver Red Wheaten Black
Grooming
How to groom the Scottish Terrier and how often?
Average: The Scottish Terrier requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential.

Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections.

Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes.

Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath.

If you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of your Scottish Terrier, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment.

Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk-in dog bath places nearby.

Shedding Level
How much do Scottish Terrier dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Aberdeenie?
Scottish Terriers shed none to minimal. Having a puppy from this breed you don't have to be afraid of your couch or car being covered by dog hair. Scottish Terrier dogs could be the best choice if you don't tolerate dog hair.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Scottish Terrier need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Scottish Terrier every day?
8-12 weeks
Very rarely. Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible. For example, short-haired dog breeds can go a very long time in between baths. These short-haired breeds shed regularly and that shedding works to naturally remove excess dirt and oil. So unless your weenie dog got into the garbage can, you can probably hold off on a bath for a while.

Scottish Terrier Personality / Temperament

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Scottish Terrier have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
Independent Alert Quick Playful Selfish
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Scottish Terrier? Are they intelligent?
Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one. Keep in mind that if you want to teach them any tricks, they understand and memorize new commands in 40-80 repetitions. Scottish Terrier obey the first command 30% of the time or better. So if you want to have a smart dog, you might have to reconsider your choice with this breed.
Trainability
Are Scottish Terrier dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Scottish Terriers are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
Average: Scottish Terriers, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark in excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Scottish Terrier sensitivity:
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds. Soft punishment affects them emotionally. Scottish Terriers don't tolerate irregular daily routine, noisy household, and frequent guest visits really well. They are receptive to their owner's emotions and make wonderful family companions.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Are they affectionate?
Average to High: Scottish Terriers are highly affectionate dogs. They like being involved in the family's life. This breed isn't considered an aloof dog.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Aberdeenie need? Scottish Terrier social needs:
Scottish Terriers are a social breed. They enjoy being around people or other animals. This breed doesn't tolerate being left alone.
Barking
Do Scottish Terrier dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Aberdeenie bark?
Low: The Scottish Terrier barks none to minimal. Perfect choice if you prefer a quiet breed. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Scottish Terrier good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Scottish Terriers are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered their main job.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Scottish Terrier dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Scottish Terriers are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect its territory so the Scottish Terrier can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Scottish Terrier will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential
Do Scottish Terrier bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Aberdeenie? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Scottish Terrier? Why do dog bites happen?

Low 🔽

The Scottish Terrier has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Scottish Terrier has a hard bite?

Between 100 and 200 PSI 🔽

Scottish Terrier bite force: Weak. Dogs that have the weakest bite force below 200 PSI. However, it is important to note that despite the fact that their bite force is considered the “weakest” it can still be very dangerous as all dog bites are. They are usually not aggressive and very friendly towards children and other animals.
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Scottish Terrier do?
Scottish Terriers have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Scottish Terriers need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Scottish Terrier to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Scottish Terrier roam?
Scottish Terriers have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command. This breed is also able to cause damage to your fence.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Scottish Terrier have high prey drive?
Scottish Terriers have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen. Training can help to achieve good behavior.
Apartment Friendly
Is Scottish Terrier good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Very house-friendly dog the Scottish Terrier breed. It's good if you have a small garden where he can go out and do his business, but it's not important at all. You can get enough exercise with one or two walks a day, so keeping them indoors shouldn't be a problem.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Average: Scottish Terriers adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Scottish Terriers do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.

Scottish Terrier Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Scottish Terrier temperament with other people:
Scottish Terriers are average friendly towards strangers.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Scottish Terrier dogs get along with other pets? Are Scottish Terrier dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Scottish Terriers are generally with other pets.
Child Friendly
Are Scottish Terrier dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Scottish Terrier temperament with children:
Scottish Terriers are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Scottish Terrier dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats?
Scottish Terriers are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is Scottish Terrier good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Scottish Terrier dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Scottish Terriers are not the most dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Scottish Terrier is not a good choice.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Scottish Terrier breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Yes
Scottish Terriers are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are Scottish Terriers good office dogs? Do Scottish Terriers make good office friendly dogs? Can Scottish Terriers be office dogs?
No
Scottish Terrier is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Scottish Terrier dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Aberdeenie temperament with senior people? Are Scottish Terrier dogs good for elderly owners?
Scottish Terriers are usually recommended for elderly people.

Scottish Terrier Health

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Scottish Terrier dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
Scottish Terriers are commonly healthy dogs. Vet costs aren't expensive with this breed.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Scottish Terrier breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Scottish Terrier breed? Most common health risks of Scottish Terrier:
Craniomandibular Osteopathy Patellar Luxation Scottie Cramp Von Willebrand's Disease
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Scottish Terrier breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Scottish Terrier see the vet?
Rare
The Scottish Terrier should have a complete physical check-up at least every 12-18 months (but preferably once per year). If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Scottish Terrier dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Scottish Terrier be? What is the age limit of the Scottish Terrier? How many years can the oldest Scottish Terrier live?
11-13 years
The average lifespan of Scottish Terrier: 12 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Scottish Terrier breed hypoallergenic?
Yes
Scottish Terriers do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction. However there are no 100% hypoallergenic dogs in the world, there are a variety of breeds that are considered to reduce or minimize the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Scottish Terrier have? What is the activity level of the Scottish Terrier?
Scottish Terriers have a higher energy level than other dog breeds. If you want a dog for snuggling on the couch, this breed isn't the perfect choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much activity does this dog need? How much exercise do Scottish Terrier dogs require per day?
Scottish Terriers have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long one on weekends.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Scottish Terriers are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend too much time with sleeping. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Average daily food consumption
How much food does the Scottish Terrier need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
Recommended daily amount: 1 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Scottish Terrier risk for obesity:
Average: The Scottish Terrier has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Scottish Terrier's weight regularly.
Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Scottish Terrier can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?

Medium

The Scottish Terrier has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Scottish Terrier drool?
The Scottish Terrier is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Scottish Terrier could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the Scottish Terrier. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Scottish Terrier As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Scottish Terrier be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Scottish Terrier is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Scottish Terrier be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Scottish Terrier be an emotional support animal?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Scottish Terrier is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Scottish Terrier be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Scottish Terrier is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Scottish Terrier be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people. The Scottish Terrier is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Scottish Terrier be a boat dog?

Not really

Scottish Terrier breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Scottish Terrier be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Scottish Terrier is not the best breed for drafting purposes.
Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Scottish Terrier dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Scottish Terrier Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Scottish Terrier: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Scottish Terrier have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
2-5 puppies

Scottish Terrier Recognition

AKC Group
Is Scottish Terrier recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885 as a Terrier breed.
FCI Group
Is Scottish Terrier recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Terriers group, in the Small sized Terriers section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Scottish Terrier breed?
American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Australian National Kennel Council Canadian Canine Registry Canadian Kennel Club Continental Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club North American Purebred Registry, Inc. United Kennel Club American Canine Association, Inc. Club Espanol De Terriers

Scottish Terrier Pros and Cons

Pros
  • Health Issues: Scottish Terriers are commonly healthy dogs.
  • Hypoallergenic: Scottish Terriers do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction.
  • Apartment Friendly: Very house-friendly dog the Scottish Terrier breed.
  • Shedding Level: Scottish Terriers shed none to minimal.
  • Drooling Tendency: The Scottish Terrier is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
  • Child Friendly: Scottish Terriers are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Scottish Terriers are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Scottish Terriers are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Cons
  • Intelligent Rank: Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Scottish Terriers have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Scottish Terriers do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
  • Dog Friendly: Scottish Terriers are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Scottish Terrier is not the best dog breed for office environment.

Scottish Terrier History

The exact origins and history of the Scottish Terrier are somewhat undocumented and obscure, for the reason that the breed is really old. The Scottie’s origins are believed to date back to a dog that was described by Pliny the Elder, in 55 B.C. When the Romans conquered and invaded Britain, he wrote, “They found, much to their surprise, small dogs that would follow their quarry to the ground.” Then, the Romans started to call the dogs terraria, which translates into “workers of the earth” in Latin. Initially, the breed was developed to hunt foxes, rats, and badgers on the craggy Scottish Highlands, the Scottish Terrier is a venerable breed, moreover, the breed is presumed to be the oldest of the Highland Terriers, thus being the foundation dog for all the modern day’s terrier breeds. Some of the experts even call the breed the oldest variety of the canine race indigenous to Britain.

In 1436, we find a description of a small dog similar in form to the Scottish Terrier, in Don Leslie's book called A History of Scotland. By the early 1800s, many writers wrote of two separate terrier breeds in Britain, the Scottish Terrier (distinguished by its rough hair) and the English Terrier (identified by its smooth hair). Along with the Scottish Terrier’s long history, there were some controversies about its type and origin. Experts spent most of the 1800s, splitting hairs over what was a Scottish Terrier and what was a terrier that happened to be Scottish. However, somewhat earlier, in the 17th century, James I of England, a Scot by birth, exported several puppies of the breed to France as presents to the French monarch and the French nobility. Those dogs are believed to have been foundation dogs for today’s Scottish Terrier. The king's love of the dogs helped to increase the breed’s popularity among the higher ranks of society, which increased more in the next three centuries. Scotland had many terriers during the 1800s. Yet, by the end of the century, in the beginning of the 20th century, the breeds were separated into two distinct groups, the Skye Terriers and the Dandie Dinmont Terriers. The Scottish Terrier was grouped under the Skye Terriers; thus, they were shown in competitions and in rings under that class until the 1870s.

In 1883, the first litter of Scottish Terriers was brought into America by John Naylor, and two years later, in 1885, the AKC (American Kennel Club) registered the first Scottie, which was a male named Prince Charlie. Around that time, a breed standard was drawn up for the breed, which resulted in the complete distinction of the breed from the other Terriers in England.

The Scottish Terrier’s popularity reached its peak of popularity in the 1930s and 1940s. This success can be credited to the breed’s famous owners including, Humphrey Bogart and Bette Davis. The silhouette of the Scottie is a well-known expression of the Depression-era knickknacks and advertising, and the image is still popular today. The Scottish Terrier even got into the White House with its charm. History’s most famous Scottie was named Fala, the loyal companion of President Franklin D. Roosevelt during the Second World War. Interestingly, the little companion got more fan mail than other presidents did. President Eisenhower also owned two Scotties named Caacie and Telek.

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Scottish Terrier Comments, Reviews and Questions

  • Bonny Fay

    Feb 25, 2022, 11:40:42 PM:

    Fantastic companions! We have had Scottish terriers in our family for a quarter of a century. Our pups have always been intelligent and sensitive. They are not good with very young children, however.

  • Great!

    Aug 11, 2019, 9:23:29 PM:

    I had one for16 years, they are very protective and loving dogs. Super smart and they are very strong for their size