Russian Spaniel Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Russian Spaniel so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Hunting Dogs
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Russian Spaniel dog profile picture
Origin Russia flag Russia
Other Names
What other names does the Russian Spaniel have?
Rosyjski Spaniel
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Cross Breed

Russian Spaniel Price and Availability

Price
How much does the Russian Spaniel puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it?
$1200-$1500
If you choose to purchase the Russian Spaniel, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Russian Spaniel for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Russian Spaniel gets to a happy place.
Availability
How easy is it to get a Russian Spaniel?
Average: The Russian Spaniel is a commonly available dog breed. There is less risk of overbreeding compared to the very popular dogs.

Of course, they may be more popular in some countries, and inbreeding may occur, so be careful.

Russian Spaniel Size

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog?
Small
Weight
How much does the Russian Spaniel weigh? Russian Spaniel weight:
Male: 20–35 pounds (9–16 kg), Female:20–35 pounds (9–16 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of the Russian Spaniel? Russian Spaniel average weight:
Male: 20–35 lbs (9.1–15.9 kg), Female: 20–35 lbs (9.1–15.9 kg)
Height
How tall is the Russian Spaniel? Russian Spaniel height:
Male: 15–17.75 inches (38.1–45.1 cm), Female: 15–17.75 inches (38.1–45.1 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of this fido? Russian Spaniel average height:
Male: 15–17.75 inches (38.1–45.1 cm), Female: 15–17.75 inches (38.1–45.1 cm)

Russian Spaniel Grooming, Hair and Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Russian Spaniel have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
Feathered Tight Silky Wavy
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Russian Spaniel's coat?
White Brown Red Tricolor Black
Grooming
How to groom the Russian Spaniel and how often?
Easy to groom: The Russian Spaniel doesn't require a lot of grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary.

Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Russian Spaniel is a good choice if you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of a high-maintenance dog.

Recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level
How much do Russian Spaniel dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Rosyjski Spaniel?
Russian Spaniels shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Russian Spaniel need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Russian Spaniel every day?
6-8 weeks
Rarely. Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible. For example, short-haired dog breeds can go a very long time in between baths. These short-haired breeds shed regularly and that shedding works to naturally remove excess dirt and oil. So unless your weenie dog got into the garbage can, you can probably hold off on a bath for a while.

Russian Spaniel Personality / Temperament

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Russian Spaniel have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
Affectionate Devoted Good-natured Amiable Friendly Reliable
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Russian Spaniel? Are they intelligent?
Average: It takes patience to teach this breed any tricks or commands, but the effort is worth it. They understand and remember new commands after an average of 25-40 repetitions.
Trainability
Are Russian Spaniel dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Russian Spaniels are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
Average: Russian Spaniels, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark in excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Russian Spaniel sensitivity:
Sensitive: Russian Spaniels don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household, and frequent guest visits. This breed's emotional level reflects their owner's feelings and they don't handle punishments well.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Are they affectionate?
High: Russian Spaniels are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and are considered great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Rosyjski Spaniel need? Russian Spaniel social needs:
Russian Spaniels are a social breed. They enjoy being around people or other animals. This breed doesn't tolerate being left alone.
Barking
Do Russian Spaniel dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Rosyjski Spaniel bark?
Average: The Russian Spaniel barks occasionally. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and the same barks could have different meanings. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Russian Spaniel good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Russian Spaniels are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered their main job.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Russian Spaniel dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Russian Spaniels are not the best to protect their territory. Better to have the protection of your house and property supervised by others.
Biting Potential
Do Russian Spaniel bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Rosyjski Spaniel? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Russian Spaniel? Why do dog bites happen?

Low 🔽

The Russian Spaniel has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Russian Spaniel has a hard bite?

Between 100 and 200 PSI 🔽

Russian Spaniel bite force: Weak. Dogs that have the weakest bite force below 200 PSI. However, it is important to note that despite the fact that their bite force is considered the “weakest” it can still be very dangerous as all dog bites are. They are usually not aggressive and very friendly towards children and other animals.
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Russian Spaniel do?
Russian Spaniels have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Russian Spaniels need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Russian Spaniel to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Russian Spaniel roam?
The wanderlust potential of the Russian Spaniel is strong enough to escape from home. They have a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Russian Spaniel have high prey drive?
Russian Spaniels have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Russian Spaniels are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Russian Spaniel good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Apartment-friendly dog the Russian Spaniel breed. It is best if you have a small garden where it can occasionally go out to do its business, but this is not important at all. You can exercise him enough with a walk or two a day, so he's comfortable in an apartment.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Russian Spaniels adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Russian Spaniels do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.

Russian Spaniel Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Russian Spaniel temperament with other people:
Russian Spaniels are average friendly towards strangers.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Russian Spaniel dogs get along with other pets? Are Russian Spaniel dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Russian Spaniels are generally with other pets.
Child Friendly
Are Russian Spaniel dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Russian Spaniel temperament with children:
Russian Spaniels are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Russian Spaniel dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats?
Russian Spaniels are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is Russian Spaniel good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Russian Spaniel dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Russian Spaniels are average friendly towards other dogs.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Russian Spaniel breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Yes
Russian Spaniels are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are Russian Spaniels good office dogs? Do Russian Spaniels make good office friendly dogs? Can Russian Spaniels be office dogs?
No
Russian Spaniel is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Russian Spaniel dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Rosyjski Spaniel temperament with senior people? Are Russian Spaniel dogs good for elderly owners?
Russian Spaniels are usually recommended for elderly people.

Russian Spaniel Health

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Russian Spaniel dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
Russian Spaniels tend to have more frequent health issues than other breeds. Regular vet check-ups are needed.
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Russian Spaniel breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Russian Spaniel see the vet?
Frequent
The Russian Spaniel should have a complete physical check-up at least once (but preferably twice) per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Russian Spaniel dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Russian Spaniel be? What is the age limit of the Russian Spaniel? How many years can the oldest Russian Spaniel live?
14-16 years
The average lifespan of Russian Spaniel: 15 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Russian Spaniel breed hypoallergenic?
No
Russian Spaniels don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Russian Spaniel have? What is the activity level of the Russian Spaniel?
Russian Spaniels have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much activity does this dog need? How much exercise do Russian Spaniel dogs require per day?
Russian Spaniels have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long one on weekends.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Russian Spaniels sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered a lazy breed.
Average daily food consumption
How much food does the Russian Spaniel need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
1 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Russian Spaniel risk for obesity:
High: The Russian Spaniel breed has a strong tendency to be overweight. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you want to keep balance, increase the amount and frequency of your daily dog walk and play with the Russian Spaniel more often. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Russian Spaniel's weight regularly.
Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Russian Spaniel can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?

Medium

The Russian Spaniel has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Russian Spaniel drool?
The Russian Spaniel is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Russian Spaniel could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the Russian Spaniel. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Russian Spaniel As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Russian Spaniel be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Russian Spaniel is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Russian Spaniel be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Russian Spaniel be an emotional support animal?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Russian Spaniel is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Russian Spaniel be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Russian Spaniel is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Russian Spaniel be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people. The Russian Spaniel is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Russian Spaniel be a boat dog?

Not really

Russian Spaniel breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Russian Spaniel be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Russian Spaniel is not the best breed for drafting purposes.
Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Russian Spaniel dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Russian Spaniel Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Russian Spaniel: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Russian Spaniel have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
4-6 puppies

Russian Spaniel Recognition

AKC Group
Is Russian Spaniel recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is Russian Spaniel recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Not recognized by FCI.

Russian Spaniel Pros and Cons

Pros
  • Apartment Friendly: Apartment-friendly dog the Russian Spaniel breed.
  • Grooming: Easy to groom: The Russian Spaniel doesn't require a lot of grooming.
  • Drooling Tendency: The Russian Spaniel is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
  • Adaptability: Russian Spaniels adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Russian Spaniels are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Russian Spaniels are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Russian Spaniels are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Cons
  • Health Issues: Russian Spaniels tend to have more frequent health issues than other breeds.
  • Hypoallergenic: Russian Spaniels don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity: High: The Russian Spaniel breed has a strong tendency to be overweight.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: The wanderlust potential of the Russian Spaniel is strong enough to escape from home.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Russian Spaniels do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
  • Office Friendly: Russian Spaniel is not the best dog breed for office environment.

Russian Spaniel History

The Russian Spaniel is the youngest breed among Russian gun dogs. It is a part of the larger group of spaniel breeds and originates from the English Cocker Spaniels and the English Springer Spaniels. The history of the Russian Spaniel goes back to the end of the 19th century when a black English Cocker Spaniel was taken to Russia for the Great Knyaz Nikolaevich and was shown at the first dog show of the “Lovers of Purebred Dogs Organization” in 1888 in St. Petersburg. Later, more spaniels of this and other kinds were imported into St. Petersburg and Moscow. Even though some of them were used for hunting, these smaller dogs had smaller use in Russian bird hunting conditions.

However, at the beginning of the 20th century, people who loved the spaniels started selecting more long-legged and active dogs for the breeding and they were also importing Springer spaniels to mix their blood with that of the existing breed. By the end of the 1930s, there were a huge number of spaniels in Russia but the people could not find the perfect match from any of the known spaniel breeds. These were no longer Cocker Spaniels or Springers but were not yet Russian Spaniels either. Spaniels were getting more and more famous in Russia, as today, they were especially preferred because of their small size, allowing people to keep them in the city and easily transport them to hunt sites, as well as their inborn willingness to retrieve game. However, additionally, the hunting conditions in Russia created new requirements for a gun dog and these factors resulted in the creation of the new spaniel breed, the Russian Spaniel, differing from its ancestors by having a stronger build, stamina, and less decorativeness. Stories have been told about how hard people worked on saving their spaniels during the Second World War, sending them out of the Leningrad blockade across Ladoga lake along with their own children.

The formation of the new Russian Spaniel did not stop after the end of the war, many different types of spaniels were brought into the Soviet Union from abroad again. According to researchers, even Pointers were brought in to improve the spaniels’ speed. At first, the Russian Spaniel stock was different from the present one, as it was mostly a mix of Cocker, Sussex, and Springer Spaniels. Although slowly, with a careful selection of individual dogs with qualities necessary for domestic hunting, the dogs began to look like today’s Russian Spaniel. In the mid-20th century the first standard of Russian Spaniel, meeting the requirements of the Soviet hunters, was developed and established. The standard of the breed was accepted in 1966 and from 1972 the breed was no longer crossed with other spaniel breeds. Since then, large cynological centers have been working on improving the breed even more, with the selection of specimens and pairing based on the results of the annual shows and field trials considering all positive and negative qualities. As a result of this purposeful breeding, Russian Spaniel is a dog well equipped for the hunt in a marsh, field, woodland, arid-land for bird and waterfowl in conditions of the Russian territories and neighboring countries. The goal of the Russian Spaniel during the hunt is to seek out the bird, flush it up into the air and after the shot, and on command to retrieve the game.

Furthermore with all the amazing qualities and with considerably little training led to the increasing of the breed’s popularity. For example, in the Moscow dog shows of the last 20 years, they include around 120-130 Russian Spaniels annually and they usually share the first place. In addition to this even more new cynological centers were created in different parts of Russia. Also, owners of Russian Spaniels were just as loyal to their dogs as they were loyal to them so when some of them immigrated to the United States, their canine friends came along. The AKC and UKC do not recognize the breed and most books don’t even mention it. However, in 2002, a couple of Russian Spaniel owners got together and established the first registration website for the breed in the USA and Canada as well. As more and more people learn about them, more puppies will be imported from Russia and the breed will take its rightful place among the popular breeds.

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Russian Spaniel Comments, Reviews and Questions

  • Anna F

    Feb 21, 2021, 4:49:03 AM: