Japanese Spitz Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Japanese Spitz so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Companion Dogs
Popularity Rank 229
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Japanese Spitz dog profile picture
Origin Japan flag Japan
Other Names
What other names does the Japanese Spitz have?
Nihon Supittsu
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred

Japanese Spitz Price and Availability

Price
How much does the Japanese Spitz puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it?
$500-$800
If you choose to purchase the Japanese Spitz, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Japanese Spitz for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Japanese Spitz gets to a happy place.
Availability
How easy is it to get a Japanese Spitz?
Average: The Japanese Spitz is a commonly available dog breed. There is less risk of overbreeding compared to the very popular dogs.

Of course, they may be more popular in some countries, and inbreeding may occur, so be careful.

Japanese Spitz Size

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog?
Small
Weight
How much does the Japanese Spitz weigh? Japanese Spitz weight:
11-20 pounds (5-10 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of the Japanese Spitz? Japanese Spitz average weight:
15.5 pounds (7.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the Japanese Spitz? Japanese Spitz height:
12-15 inches (30-38 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of this fido? Japanese Spitz average height:
13.5 inches (34 cm)

Japanese Spitz Grooming, Hair and Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Japanese Spitz have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
Thick
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Japanese Spitz's coat?
White
Grooming
How to groom the Japanese Spitz and how often?
Advanced: The Japanese Spitz requires a lot of grooming. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer can be helpful sometimes.

Regular brushed dog's coat is less likely to shed. Ears and eyes should be cleaned often to avoid infections.

Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Occasional dog nail trimming and dog baths are important.

Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and to give your Japanese Spitz a pleasant experience of a dog bath.

If you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of your Japanese Spitz, search for the best dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment.

Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk-in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level
How much do Japanese Spitz dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Nihon Supittsu?
Japanese Spitzs shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Japanese Spitz need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Japanese Spitz every day?
6-8 weeks
Rarely. Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible. For example, short-haired dog breeds can go a very long time in between baths. These short-haired breeds shed regularly and that shedding works to naturally remove excess dirt and oil. So unless your weenie dog got into the garbage can, you can probably hold off on a bath for a while.

Japanese Spitz Personality / Temperament

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Japanese Spitz have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
Affectionate Proud Intelligent Companionable Playful Loyal
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Japanese Spitz? Are they intelligent?
Average: It takes patience to teach this breed any tricks or commands, but the effort is worth it. They understand and remember new commands after an average of 25-40 repetitions.
Trainability
Are Japanese Spitz dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Japanese Spitzs are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
The Japanese Spitz is a highly playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Japanese Spitz sensitivity:
Japanese Spitzs have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed. Sometimes it's okay to change the daily routine, have guests and listen to loud music. Some dogs handle moderate punishment very well, while others crumble apart at a dirty look. This breed is not affected emotionally by moderate punishment.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Are they affectionate?
High: Japanese Spitzs are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and are considered great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Nihon Supittsu need? Japanese Spitz social needs:
Japanese Spitzs need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Barking
Do Japanese Spitz dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Nihon Supittsu bark?
A lot: Japanese Spitz is a particularly loud breed. They often enjoy barking and howling loudly. If you want a quiet dog, not the best choice. The main triggers for barking are fear, attention, alarm, boredom, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking, and defense.
Watchdog Ability
Is Japanese Spitz good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Japanese Spitzs are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered their main job.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Japanese Spitz dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Japanese Spitzs are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect its territory so the Japanese Spitz can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Japanese Spitz will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential
Do Japanese Spitz bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Nihon Supittsu? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Japanese Spitz? Why do dog bites happen?

Low 🔽

The Japanese Spitz has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Japanese Spitz has a hard bite?

Between 100 and 200 PSI 🔽

Japanese Spitz bite force: Weak. Dogs that have the weakest bite force below 200 PSI. However, it is important to note that despite the fact that their bite force is considered the “weakest” it can still be very dangerous as all dog bites are. They are usually not aggressive and very friendly towards children and other animals.
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Japanese Spitz do?
Japanese Spitzs have a lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Japanese Spitzs need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Japanese Spitz to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Japanese Spitz roam?
Japanese Spitzs tend to escape less than other breeds. They have low to average wanderlust potential. Exploring the world is not the best activity they can imagine.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Japanese Spitz have high prey drive?
Japanese Spitzs have low to an average impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals.
Apartment Friendly
Is Japanese Spitz good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Very house-friendly dog the Japanese Spitz breed. It's good if you have a small garden where he can go out and do his business, but it's not important at all. You can get enough exercise with one or two walks a day, so keeping them indoors shouldn't be a problem.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Japanese Spitzs adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Japanese Spitzs tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.

Japanese Spitz Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Japanese Spitz temperament with other people:
Japanese Spitzs are average friendly towards strangers.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Japanese Spitz dogs get along with other pets? Are Japanese Spitz dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Japanese Spitzs are usually friendly towards other pets.
Child Friendly
Are Japanese Spitz dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Japanese Spitz temperament with children:
Japanese Spitzs are very kid-friendly dogs. This breed enjoys being surrounded by children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Japanese Spitz dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats?
Japanese Spitzs are cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Japanese Spitz good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Japanese Spitz dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Japanese Spitzs are dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Japanese Spitz can be a great choice.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Japanese Spitz breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Yes
Japanese Spitzs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are Japanese Spitzs good office dogs? Do Japanese Spitzs make good office friendly dogs? Can Japanese Spitzs be office dogs?
No
Japanese Spitz is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Japanese Spitz dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Nihon Supittsu temperament with senior people? Are Japanese Spitz dogs good for elderly owners?
Japanese Spitzs are one of the best breeds for elderly people.

Japanese Spitz Health

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Japanese Spitz dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
The Japanese Spitz is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Japanese Spitz breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Japanese Spitz breed? Most common health risks of Japanese Spitz:
Patellar Luxation Runny Eyes
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Japanese Spitz breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Japanese Spitz see the vet?
Average
The Japanese Spitz should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Japanese Spitz dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Japanese Spitz be? What is the age limit of the Japanese Spitz? How many years can the oldest Japanese Spitz live?
10-16 years
The average lifespan of Japanese Spitz: 13 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Japanese Spitz breed hypoallergenic?
No
Japanese Spitzs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Japanese Spitz have? What is the activity level of the Japanese Spitz?
Japanese Spitzs have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much activity does this dog need? How much exercise do Japanese Spitz dogs require per day?
Japanese Spitzs have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long one on weekends.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Japanese Spitzs sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered a lazy breed.
Average daily food consumption
How much food does the Japanese Spitz need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
1/2 to 1 cup dry food a day. A Japanese Spitz dog diet should be formulated for a small-to-mid-sized breed with average energy and exercise needs.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Japanese Spitz risk for obesity:
Low to Average: The Japanese Spitz has a low to the average risk for obesity. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight change, consult your veterinarian to make a meal plan, and measure the Japanese Spitz's weight regularly.
Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Japanese Spitz can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?

Medium

The Japanese Spitz has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Japanese Spitz drool?
The Japanese Spitz is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Japanese Spitz could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the Japanese Spitz. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Japanese Spitz As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Japanese Spitz be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Japanese Spitz is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Japanese Spitz be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Japanese Spitz be an emotional support animal?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Japanese Spitz is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Japanese Spitz be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Japanese Spitz is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Japanese Spitz be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people. The Japanese Spitz is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Japanese Spitz be a boat dog?

Not really

Japanese Spitz breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Japanese Spitz be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Japanese Spitz is not the best breed for drafting purposes.
Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Japanese Spitz dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Japanese Spitz Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Japanese Spitz: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Japanese Spitz have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
1-6 puppies

Japanese Spitz Recognition

AKC Group
Is Japanese Spitz recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is Japanese Spitz recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Spitz and primitive types group, in the Asian Spitz and related breeds section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Japanese Spitz breed?
American Canine Registry America's Pet Registry Continental Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain National Kennel Club American Canine Association, Inc.

Japanese Spitz Pros and Cons

Pros
  • Apartment Friendly: Very house-friendly dog the Japanese Spitz breed.
  • Drooling Tendency: The Japanese Spitz is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
  • Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity: Low to Average: The Japanese Spitz has a low to the average risk for obesity.
  • Mouthiness: Japanese Spitzs have a lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Japanese Spitzs tend to escape less than other breeds.
  • Adaptability: Japanese Spitzs adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Japanese Spitzs are very kid-friendly dogs.
  • Cat Friendly: Japanese Spitzs are cat-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Japanese Spitzs are dog-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Japanese Spitzs are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Japanese Spitzs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Cons
  • Hypoallergenic: Japanese Spitzs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Grooming: Advanced: The Japanese Spitz requires a lot of grooming.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Japanese Spitzs tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
  • Office Friendly: Japanese Spitz is not the best dog breed for office environment.

Japanese Spitz History

Origins

The Japanese Spitz is a relatively recent companion dog breed that was developed in the last century. The origins of the Japanese Spitz breed date back to about 500AD when Spitz-type dogs were undoubtedly cherished by their owners and breeders as companion dogs, and they found their way into Asia, and of course Japan. Although the Japanese Spitz resembles a miniature Samoyed, they are of separate lineages and the breed was not developed from the small-sized Samoyed. They were actually developed in Japan in the 1920s and 1930s by breeding a number of other Spitz-type dog breeds together. While they are a relatively new breed, they are becoming widely popular due to their favorable temperament and other features.

Developments before World War II

The first significant and sustained effort to improve the Japanese Spitz breed appears to have begun in Japan during the 1920s. They began with a variety of Spitz breed dogs, and while the exact amount and breeds utilized are debatable as several records were destroyed in the second world war, the American Eskimo Dog, the white Russian Spitz, and the German Spitz are generally regarded as adding to the genetic make-up of the Japanese Spitz breed we have today. Early Japanese Spitz breeders crossed these breeds in the hopes of creating a better breed, and their efforts appear to have paid off since the Japanese Spitz has minimal health issues now as compared to most other purebred dog breeds and dogs in general. The breed could be considered an early and successful designer dog breed with a focus on health and temperament.

The modern breed

In the aftermath of World War II, the Japanese Spitz breed suffered from some crossbreeding with similar breeds such as the German Spitz, American Eskimo Dog, and Samoyeds, but Japanese Spitz breeders were able to retain the genetic and temperament characteristics of the breed without much dilution. Moreover, the Japanese Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1954 and developed the standard that is still used around the world today. The American Kennel Club does not recognize the breed due to the similarities that exist between the Japanese Spitz and the American developed breed, however, the United Kennel Club does recognize the breed in its Northern Breeds Group.

Around the world

The Japanese Spitz was introduced to Sweden in the early 1950s, where their remarkable good looks, devotion, and intelligence made them a highly sought-after breed, despite the fact that they were still quite rare in the new nation. The Japanese Spitz also found its way to England, white it remained a relatively unknown breed until its flexibility and good demeanor among children became more widely known. After that, the Japanese Spitz was exported all over the world and is currently present in every country. While they are still a somewhat unusual breed, they are gradually gaining popularity as they tend to win over the hearts of just about everyone they encounter.

Rate The Japanese Spitz Breed

Japanese Spitz Comments, Reviews and Questions

  • jaiden

    Nov 16, 2021, 9:22:53 PM:

    i had one named roy and he was cute even tjo he was a mix idc I loved him!

  • Timmy

    Jul 5, 2020, 11:58:18 AM:

  • Aris

    May 31, 2020, 1:33:59 PM:

    Great dog!!!

  • Vangjel

    Jan 20, 2020, 8:54:32 PM:

  • Japanese Spitz

    Dec 11, 2019, 10:24:15 PM:

    Great breed! - enjoy a decent walk but dont need hours, low shedding (is awful once a year for afew weeks then nothing!) Very easily trained, happy, friendly intelligent dogs. They do need human interaction - these arent dogs to leave home alone all day.